MERN- Portrait of the Territory

Québec's Borders

Use of Public Land

Géoboutique Québec

Leasing Public Land


Portrait of the Territory


Québec has an area which is more than three times that of France and more than 40 times that of Switzerland. The concentration of privately-owned property lies mainly in the southern part of the province along the fleuve Saint-Laurent and in several regions further north. The remainder, more is public land. This vast area represents Québec's main basin of natural resources.

Québec's territory: (PDF format, 1,5 mb)

  • Covers 1,667,441 km²;
  • Has more than 10,000 km of borders
  • Comprises lands, freshwater bodies and courses, and a marine environment that takes in the fleuve Saint-Laurent and the golfe Saint-Laurent as well as the coastline of Baie James, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, and Ungava Bay.

Public Land:

  • Covers more than 92% of the territory, which includes:
    • land and inland water: 1,396,969 km²
    • a marine environment:  153,562 km²
  • Lies mainly in the center and northern parts of Québec, which are sparsely populated
  • Constitutes a major heritage, exceptional natural environment, and basin of natural resources essential to the socioeconomic development of all regions of Québec.

Privately-owned Land:

  • Covers nearly 8% of the territory (116,910 km²);
  • Is located in southern Québec, which contains most of the population lives in the lowlands of the Saint-Laurent, around Gaspésie and Lac Saint-Jean, and in Abitibi;
  • Is subdivided into nearly 3.5 million lots represented by the cadastre.