James Moorhead and Patrice Roy
Bureau de la connaissance géoscientifique du Québec
The mission of the Bureau de la connaissance géoscientifique du Québec (BCGQ) is to capture and process geoscientific information relating to the entire territory of Québec, with a view to developing the province’s mineral resources in a responsible way. In 2016-2017, the BCGQ plans to carry out 21 projects in Québec, including 18 in the territory covered by the Plan Nord (see Figure 1). These projects have been made possible by contributions from the mining heritage component of the Natural Resource Fund, which is financed out of mining taxes. This year, in addition to the $12 million set aside for geoscientific work, a budget of $3 million has been made available to speed up characterization work in the area covered by the Plan Nord.
Six of the nine surveys planned in 2016 follow on from projects begun in previous years. The purpose of the geological surveys is to improve knowledge and stimulate exploration in Northern Québec and other regions of Québec.
The Churchill project (No. 1) consists in verification work to complete the database that will be used to produce a geoscientific synthesis of the Churchill Province’s Core Zone. The James Bay West project (No. 2) also involves synthesis. As for the James Bay East A and B projects (No. 3, A and B) and the Rupert project (No. 4), all to a scale of 1/50,000, they cover sectors with high mineral potential. Further south, the Opatica project is located in a sector with new access roads, for which geological data is in short supply.
In the Grenville Province, the Manic-5 North project (No. 5) is located in a sector with significant mineral potential, south-west of the major iron deposits in the Fermont region.
These projects will provide new and essential data for future geological surveys and exploration programs in several vast areas of Québec.
The Rivière de Puvirnituq, Rivière Mariet, Rivière Barnoin and Rivière Vent de l’Ouest aeromagnetic and spectrometric survey projects (Nos. 10, 11, 12 and 13) will complete the aerial geophysical coverage of key sectors in the Superior and Churchill provinces.
The Lac Péribonca A and B and Rivière Waccono projects (Nos. 14 and 15) will provide new aerial magnetic survey coverage of the Grenville Province, in sectors where new geological surveys may eventually be carried out.
Two quaternary mapping and surface deposit sampling projects have been chosen for 2016: the Rupert project (No. 16) and the Chibougamau project (No. 17). The Rupert project is being carried out in conjunction with the James Bay Rupert basement rock mapping project (No. 4).
A sand and gravel resource inventory will be carried out in the Kangiqsualujjuaq community (aggregates, No. 19). The work follows on from consultations held by the Kativik Regional Government’s Renewable Resources, Environment, Land and Parks Department, the Ministère des Affaires municipals et de l’Occupation du territoire and the Ministère des Transports du Québec, to assess and meet needs arising from permafrost thaw and new infrastructure construction in the Nunavik communities.
A potential study (project No. 20) will be combined with a geoscientific synthesis of the entire Churchill Province Core Zone. The study will use new data captured since 2011.
A potential study of nickel-copper deposits will be carried out in the Grenville Province allogenic domain (project No. 21), which is rich in this type of indicator.
The Grenville West project (No. 6) involves mapping work to a scale of 1/50,000 in a relatively unknown sector northwest of La Tuque.
A geological survey to a scale of 1/20,000 will be carried out in the Val-d’Or region (No. 7), following on from other projects in recent years.
The Appalachian project (No. 9) will complete the mapping of a relatively unknown sector of the Appalachian Province which has several new access roads. Its purpose is to support the compilation of geological information in the sector.
An inventory of sand and gravel resources (No. 18) will be carried out in the St-Magloire sector of the Chaudière Appalaches region.
For further information on the BCGQ’s geoscientific work, please see the project map.