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Québec Exploration 2010

Creating collective wealth! It is under this extremely revealing theme that the eight edition of this important annual meeting will provide updates on mineral exploration in Québec.

An intelligent and audacious program

The organizing committee of Québec Exploration 2010 is very proud to present a program with exceptional quality and a large diversity, widely inspired by geoscientific actuality in mineral exploration. This fascinating program will certainly meet your information needs.

Here is an overview of the conference program, divided in six distinct sessions.

Session 1
Geology and mineral potential in the eastern part of the James Bay region

In the last decade, the vast area extending east of James Bay to Grenville Province has been the site of two major discoveries in gold (Éléonore) and diamonds (Renard). Its mineral potential also appears to be high for other metals and mineral products, including uranium, the base metals, ferrous metals, lithium, rare earth elements and others. The time seems right to review its geological and metallogenetic development in light of historical and recent geological work carried out by Géologie Québec, the universities and the industry.

Obtain undisclosed information on new exploration targets as well as the latest airborne geophysical surveys and discoveries by active exploration companies over this area.

Session 2
Geomatics, a core element of geoscience, exploration and land management

Modern geomatics offers some extremely powerful technology to help manage geoscientific land knowledge. This technology significantly improves geoscientific data processing, land management and mine exploration efficiency. The purpose of this session is to review recent technological advances in the field, and to look at their geomatics applications in the areas of geology and exploration.

A special conference to announce the great technological innovations at Géologie Québec: “SIGEOM 2010 – a version with immediate benefits, oriented towards the creation of a new world…” is part of the program.

Session 3
Are you aware of all the financing sources for your mineral exploration and development projects?

Financing is the nerve centre of the mining industry, and there are many different sources of financing for mineral exploration and development projects, both at home and abroad. Investments can take different forms, some of them conventional, others less so. The different types of available financing will be reviewed in a series of presentations suited to all types of audiences.

This session will delight and surprise you by the diversity of investment examples featured, whether it is Chinese investments, Québec aboriginal community or local funds such as the FTQ fund. Internationally renowned speakers will reveal their secrets.

Session 4
New geological knowledge and mineral potential in the Grenville province

In the last decade, the work done by provincial geological departments in Québec and Newfoundland-and-Labrador, as well as by the Geological Survey of Canada, academic researchers and the industry itself, have greatly enriched our geological and metallogenic knowledge of Grenville Province. At the dawn of a new decade, it is time to review the current situation and present a new image of this territory.

Selected experienced geologists and scientists will expose the results of their recent works on this very promising area.

Session 5
Innovation in mineral exploration

Mineral exploration is based on innovation, and is comparable in many respects to biotechnology and new information technology. What can be done to stimulate innovation in the exploration sector? How can it be maximized? These are the two questions that will be addressed during the session. The exploration innovation ecosystem in Québec and abroad will first be introduced. This will be followed by an examination of the innovation processes leading to the discovery of new territories and the development of new mineral substances by renewed organizations, the development of new gitological models and the use of new exploration methodologies.

This session presents a vision of future exploration technologies. Don’t miss it!

Session 6
Social acceptability of mineral exploration and development projects

In recent years, the mineral exploration companies have renewed their practices in light of the environmental, economic and social concerns expressed by the communities affected by their activities. This session, which is open to the public, will attempt to determine whether the changes made have met the expectations of local communities. Among the topics for discussion will be the task of reconciling the needs of different users and inhabitants in areas in which exploration activities take place.

Speakers will present their experience and straightforward point of view on this current burning hot topic.

Géologie Québec will Deliver Thousands of New Data!

Géologie Québec's geologists have enjoyed a very prolific summer. A total of 24 new maps will be featured. Moreover, promising results of airborne geophysical surveys and new analyses of lake sediments will be announced. Finally, new targets for mineral exploration will be presented.

This exclusive disclosure of this geoscientific data will pave the way for new discoveries.

Québec Exploration 2010 will outshine!

An outstanding conference program, very relevant workshops for geoscientific stakeholders, interactive session you can’t miss to learn all about politics and regulations, an “Open House day” on earthquakes where hundreds of students will "shake" the foundations of the Château Frontenac, social activities that will enchant you, more than 2000 participants, here are in a few words some of the reasons why Québec Exploration 2010 is the place to be.

Do not delay and subscribe now to this meeting that will be held from November 22 to 25 at the Château Frontenac. For more information, visit the Québec exploration website (

Open House on Earthquakes

Sylvie Otis, Coordinator of the Open Day at Québec Exploration 2010
Direction de l’information géologique du Québec

The Open Day of Québec Exploration is back in the aim of promoting Earth sciences and the mining sector in particular! The topic of this fourth Open Day is “Earthquakes – Cause and Effect”.

This year again, school groups will have guided tours on Wednesday afternoon and Thursday morning. During these visits, they will participate in a workshop with Dr. Maurice Lamontagne, seismologist at the Geological Survey of Canada; they will hear testimonies from people working in geology and the mining sector and will have the opportunity to meet with representatives from mining exploration businesses as well as CEGEPS and universities. Québec Exploration will be opened to the general public on Thursday afternoon.

The Open Day organizing committee has innovated this year by organizing a workshop on earthquakes for elementary 3rd cycle and secondary 1st cycle teachers. This one-day workshop, which was held at the end of September, was aimed at providing learning tools in Earth sciences. Afterward, a scientific contest has been organized for elementary and secondary students where they are invited to explore and discover earthquakes from a geological point of view. They can submit an individual entry in the form of written texts, comic strip, or group entries in the form of models. The winners will be featured during Québec Exploration 2010.

Last year, about 350 elementary and secondary students as well as their escorts benefited from guided tours of Québec Exploration exposition.

To learn more about the Open Day consult Québec Exploration website (

2010-2011 Geoscientific Programming

Sylvain Lacroix, Charles Maurice and Jean-Yves Labbé
Bureau de l’exploration géologique du Québec

Géologie Québec’s mandate consists in acquiring, processing and disseminating geoscience knowledge on Québec’s mineral resources, in order to assess and promote the mineral potential of regions, with a view to achieving sustainable development. With the creation of the Mining Heritage Fund after the announcement of the Mineral Strategy, the Bureau de l’exploration géologique (BEGQ) dispose of a budget of nearly 12 M$ in 2010-2011 to undertake geoscientific knowledge acquisition and treatment activities. An amount of 300 000 $ was also transfer to the BEGQ in 2010-2011 by the Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et des Parcs (MDDEP), in order to produce a map of the Quaternary deposits of the areas targeted by the groundwater knowledge acquisition program in the municipalized regions of Québec.

The eighteen projects of geoscientific knowledge acquisition and treatment that have been or will be completed by the end of 2010-2011 appear on two maps showing the geological and Quaternary inventories (/mines/quebec-mines/2010-11/quaternaire.pdf) (PDF Format, 2,09 Mb) (French only), as well as the geochemical and geophysical inventories and a mineral potential assessment project (/mines/quebec-mines/2010-11/localisation_projets.pdf) (PDF Format, 1,81 Mb) (French only).

Geological inventories

The six geological inventories of the new geoscientific programming are part of a large multidisciplinary geoscientific knowledge acquisition program aimed at stimulating exploration in Northern Québec (Lacroix and Marquis conference 2009) ( (French only).

The Churchill–Lac Raude project (n° 1) located East of Schefferville represents the eastern continuity of a 1/50 000 scale survey launched in summer 2009. Together, these two surveys provide a geological section of the areas located East of the New Québec Orogen. This project is part of a multidisciplinary geoscientific program undertaken in the Churchill Province , with the collaboration of the Geological Survey of Newfoundland and Labrador and the Geological Survey of Canada.

The James Bay region is still the object of intense geoscientific activities, two new surveys being carried out near the réservoir La Grande 3. The Lac Kinglet Far North project (n° 2) pursued the 1/250 000 scale mapping further South of the Achaean area covered during the Far North Program. The Baie-James-Réservoir La Grande 3 project (n° 3) also pursued, for a second year, the mapping coverage at 1/50 000 scale of the La Grande Subprovince, North of the Opinaca Subprovince.

The geological inventory located in the region of Lac du Milieu (n° 4) consists of a new 1/50 000 scale mapping project of the paragneiss, quartzite and amphibolite units surrounding the Manicouagan reservoir in the Grenville Province.

Finally, two geological inventories were done in the Matagami (n° 5) and Chapais (n° 6) areas, in order to better define and understand the geology of these two mining camps as well as the surrounding areas. These two projects are completed by several studies aimed at refining the tridimensional geometry of base metal fertile units, with the collaboration of the Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue and École Polytechnique de Montréal.

Quaternary inventories

The Octave project (n° 7) consists of a sonic drilling sampling campaign aimed at obtaining a better knowledge of the Quaternary deposits stratigraphy and basement rock in a high mineral potential area, covered by major Quaternary deposits. The area targeted in 2010 is located in the heart of the Abitibi Subprovince, 60 km North of Amos and 80 km West of Lebel-sur-Quévillon, i.e. in the direct western continuity of similar projects carried out in 2006 and 2007 as part of the Copper Plan.

Three 1/50 000 scale mapping projects of the Quaternary deposits have respectively targeted the regions of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, Centre-du-Québec and Yamaska-Richelieu (n° 8, 9 and 10). The Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean and Centre-du-Québec surveys, also aimed at establishing the stratigraphy and tridimensional distribution of the mapped superficial geological formations, were in their second and last year of fieldwork. The Yamaska-Richelieu survey is in its first year on the field and should continue on next year. These projects are undertaken to support the MDDEP Québec groundwater knowledge acquisition plan in southern Québec, following the summer 2009 signing of a multi-year agreement with the MDDEP.

Geochemical inventories

The update of the database on lake sediments geochemistry in Québec, launched in 2007, continue on in 2010-2011, with two new surveys and two reanalyses projects.

Project n° 11 consisted of a new survey covering the Grenville Province along a North-South section centered on the Saguenay municipality. This survey is completing the geochemical coverage of lake sediments in the Grenville Province, North of latitude 47°22’30’’.

Projects n° 12 and 13 were both undertaken with the collaboration of the Corporation de promotion du développement minéral de la Côte-Nord (CPDM). Project n° 12 consisted of two lake sediments surveys in sectors located North of Havre-Saint-Pierre and West of the Manicouagan reservoir. Project n° 13 consists of a geochemical reanalysis of samples from the Fermont survey collected in 1987.

Project n° 14 represents a broad geochemical reanalysis campaign of lake sediments collected from 1973 to 1978 by the Société de développement de la Baie-James (SDBJ) in the James Bay region, and the results will be announced at Québec Exploration 2010.

Geophysical inventories

The James Bay territory continue to be the object of broad airborne geophysical surveys in 2010-2011 to obtain, by the end of the projects, an aeromagnetic coverage similar to the one already available for the Abitibi Subprovince. A magnetic and spectrometric survey (project n° 15) covered the southern part of the Opinaca Subprovince, to further the coverage of the sector located directly North covered last year. A large aeromagnetic survey (project n° 16) is aimed at furthering much more to the South and West the geophysical coverage already done since 2007 in the sector of the Éléonore (gold), Renard (diamond) and Coulon (zinc) deposits.

Furthermore, the Geological Survey of Canada carried out an aeromagnetic survey at the beginning of 2010 (project n° 17) West of Kuujjuaq within the framework of the GEM project ( Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals). This survey, undertaken at the request of Géologie Québec, is aimed at supporting the next geological surveys fieldwork at 1/250 000 scale planned to begin in summer 2011 in this sector.

Mineral potential assessment

After adding new geological, geochemical and geophysical data in the database of the Abitibi Subprovince in the last few years, an update of the potential assessment model for volcanogenic massive sulphides will be carried out in winter 2011.

First summary of 2010-2011 work

In summary, a marked elevation in the rhythm of acquisition of geoscientific knowledge on the Québec territory has been observed in 2010-2011. The surface covered by the latest inventories, funded namely by the Fonds du patrimoine minier, should reach nearly 200 000 km2, i.e. approximately four times the annual target of 50 000 km2 prescribed in the 2008-2011 strategic plan of the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

Thanks to these geoscientific inventories, 91 new exploration targets were identified during the latest geoscientific inventories herein described and will be announced during Québec Exploration 2010, along the preliminary results of several knowledge acquisition and treatment projects already mentioned.

The preliminary results of a number of these geoscientific knowledge acquisition and processing projects will be made public during Québec Exploration 2010, starting at 9:00 a.m. on Tuesday, November 23. At the same time, 91 new exploration targets identified during the course of this geoscientific work will be unveiled. Added to these are close to 3,000 other targets resulting from the updating and reprocessing of the recently enhanced database thanks to the reanalysis of some 27,000 lake sediment samples in the James Bay region. The location and description of these targets will be available on GESTIM and the MRNF’s Web site respectively.

A new Data Bank to Complete the Far North Synthesis

A new data bank named "Assemblages minéralogiques, textures et faciès métamorphiques du nord-est de la Province du Supérieur" (in French only) was published in Summer 2010. This data bank includes petrographic observations realized on nearly 6900 thin sections of rock! These thin sections come from samples collected during the 1998-2003 Far North mapping program.

To standardize observations, the authors observed and compiled all of the thin sections. The data bank will be useful to scientists and explorers who are looking for particular minerals or geological environments within the north-eastern Superior Province.

The data bank can be accessed freely on SIGEOM examine (

GM 64815 -  Assemblages minéralogiques du nord-est de la Province du Supérieur. 2010, LACOSTE, P., and K. N. M. SHARMA, 1 page, 4 tables.

This large scope compilation is a complement of the two following synthesis documents published in 2008:

MM 2008-02 -  Synthèse du nord-est de la Province du Supérieur. 2008, SIMARD, M., J.-Y. LABBÉ, C. MAURICE, P. LACOSTE, A. LECLERC and M. BOILY, 196 pages.

DV 2008-03 -  Lexique stratigraphique des unités archéennes du nord-est de la Province du Supérieur. 2008, SIMARD, M., 107 pages.

First Mines Forum

A Québec's initiative, Canadian Mining Sector Stakeholders Gather to Discuss the Future

Élise Matte
Direction des politiques, de la coordination et des affaires intergouvernementales

In advance of the Energy and Mines Ministers Conference, the first Canadian Forum on Mines was held on September 16, 2010. The purpose of the Forum, a Québec government initiative, was to provide a discussion opportunity on the future of the mining industry for representatives of the industry, governments, Aboriginal communities, non governmental and environmental organizations, regional communities and the university community. Over 200 people from across Canada attended the Forum with a similar objective: sharing their visions on mines of the future.

To launch discussions, three speakers were invited to present their vision of the future according to one of three issues on sustainable development. Mr. Michael Gordon from Makivik Corporation introduced the economic issue. The environmental issue was addressed by Mr. Gordon Morrisson from Golder Associates Ltd. and Mr. André Gaumond from Virginia Mines addressed the social issue.

These presentations gave rise to numerous comments, questions and ideas from the various stakeholders in attendance. The discussions were even more stimulating due to the fact that it was the first time stakeholders from the mining industry and from diverse areas holding differing concerns, came together to discuss the future of the mining sector.

At the end of the session, all agreed on a greener, more energy efficient and environmentally friendly future mining industry, better integrated into host communities thanks to better communication, and a partner in community development.

The participants obtained a better understanding of everyone's concerns in this transparency-oriented Mines Forum. Also well shown were the dynamism and passion of the diverse stakeholders from the mining industry and the concern of all about the evolution of the mining sector towards sustainable development.

Mr. Serge Simard, vice-minister of Ressources naturelles et Faune, who attended the Forum, appreciated the initiative and qualified the discussions as encouraging and thanked all participants for their input.

Tricks to Locate Information in Québec Mines

Gladys Chamberland
Direction des communications

Are you searching for information on a particular topic and you want to limit your search to MRNF site or Québec Mines? Are you looking for an article published in Québec Mines? Here are some tricks to help you find more easily what you are looking for.

Searching in the MRNF site

The button Search in the upper bar of Québec Mines offers the possibility to search all the ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune (MRNF) site, which hosts Québec Mines. If the keywords you entered is in any article of Québec Mines, they will appear in the search results.

Searching in Québec Mines bulletins only

By using Google’s search engine, you can find the majority of the articles if you type the topic of your search followed by “Québec”. Moreover, you can limit your search to the Québec Mines section of the MRNF site by formulating your request the right way.

If you type “mineral” in Google search field, the results will come exclusively from the Québec Mines section of MRNF. The syntax of your search is important: you must indicate the keywords, put in a space and then type “”. And you know what? You can use this trick in any other site.

Some tricks you should know to take advantage of search engines

Spelling and word order

By default, most search engines will search for pages containing every word of your search, up to a certain point (32 for Google). They will also do this first in the same order they appear. Moreover, the search engines will search the words exactly how they were entered, errors included. However, they don’t take into account capital letters, punctuation signs such as coma, dot, colon, etc.

Quotation marks

Quotation marks will limit the search to the exact expression. For example, “iron mineral” will produce only pages containing the expression “iron mineral” as put in.

The minus (-) sign

The “minus” ( - ) sign linked to the word you wish to eliminate from the search results allow you to eliminate undesirable results: “mineral –iron” will show all pages containing “mineral”, except those containing “mineral" and "iron".

Number of words

Even if most searches are built from two words, it is recommended to type at least three keywords to better refine your search.