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Land rental and other rights

Public land is part of the collective heritage of the citizens of Québec. Much of this land is set aside for uses associated with regional and local economies. The Minister of Natural Resources and Wildlife is responsible for managing public land, and may rent or sell sites or grant other types of rights to use land.

If you wish to use or occupy public land, you may send a request to that effect by completing the appropriate form.

The Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles may also entrust regional county municipalities (MRCs) with new responsibilities allowing them to offer additional services to their citizens. For example, it is now possible for MRCs to carry out certain land management activities in their areas, under an agreement with the Department. For further information, please see the information leaflet  (in French).

Agreements have been signed with the following MRCs:

Abitibi-Témiscamingue

Bas-Saint-Laurent

Capitale-Nationale

Centre-du-Québec

Chaudière-Appalaches

Côte-Nord

Gaspésie et Îles-de-la-Madeleine

Lanaudière

  • MRC de Matawinie (vacation, sand, gravel/intramunicipal public land/Chute-à-Bull regional park/Forêt Ouareau regional park/Lac Taureau regional park/Sept-Chutes regional park)
  • MRC D’Autray (vacation, sand, gravel)
  • MRC de Montcalm (vacation, sand, gravel)

Laurentides

Mauricie

Outaouais

Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean

What is a right to use public land?

It is a right, granted by the government, to use public land for various purposes. It is implemented, for a citizen or organization, by renting land, obtaining a special permission, or any other interest in land.

In Québec, near 45,000 citizens and private or public organizations have a right to use public land:

  • near 42,000 are lessees (28,000 for vacation purposes, 11,000 for shelters, and 3,000 for commercial, recreation and tourism, or other purposes);
  • about 3,000 have another type of right to use public land, such as rights-of-way or authorizations to develop trails.

A few examples of land use:

  • Rental for vacation purposes: a citizen can rent land to build a cottage.
  • Rental for a shelter: a citizen can rent land to build a hunting or fishing camp.
  • Rental for recreational and tourism purposes: a business enterprise can rent land to build an inn for vacationers.
  • Granting another type of right: a snowmobile club can obtain permission to develop a trail.

Furthermore, every year, nearly 300 parcels of public land are sold for recreational, residential, industrial, commercial, public interest, or other purposes. For example, a citizen can purchase land to build a home or a business enterprise can do so to build a sawmill.

How to obtain a right to use public land or purchase land?

Take part in a random draw:

Every fall, the Department holds a random draw for the rental or sale of lots for vacation purposes on public land. To find out about upcoming draws, please visit the page Taking part in a random draw regularly or check public notices in regional newspapers and press releases issued by the Department.

Make a request:

Several other properties may be available; to obtain a right to use public land or to purchase land, you must make a request to use public land.