Review of Critical and Strategic Minerals

The Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, whose mission is “to manage and support the development of land, energy and mineral resources in Québec, with a view to achieving sustainable development,” has launched a review of Québec’s role in the development of critical and strategic minerals. A consultation will take place from November 19, 2019 to February 7, 2020. Partners, community representatives and citizens are invited to present their points of view and comments, providing input for the debate and for the drafting of the government guidelines.

The definition of critical and strategic minerals varies from country to country, and from time to time. According to the Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles,

Critical minerals:

  • have significant economic importance in key sectors of the economy;
  • present a supply risk;
  • have no commercially-available substitutes.

Strategic minerals:

  • have strategic importance for States;
  • are needed to implement Québec’s economic policies, such as the 2030 Energy Policy and the future 2020‑2030 Electrification and Climate Change Plan.


Public participation and on-line survey

Citizens and organizations that wish to express their point of view or submit comments have two ways to do so before February 7, 2020:

The information collected will be used by the MERN to produce and distribute an overview report. All supporting documents submitted (briefs, letters and other documents) will be posted on this website. The MERN undertakes to protect the respondents’ anonymity and any personal or confidential information submitted during the public participation process.

Any document of an offensive, shocking or defamatory nature will be rejected and will not be taken into account in the analysis of the comments received.

Regional meetings with partners and community representatives

As part of the review, invitation-only meetings have been scheduled for the fall of 2019 and winter of 2020 in various regions: Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Capitale-Nationale, Côte-Nord, Montréal, Nord-du-Québec and Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean. Stakeholders and partners in the industrial, mining, environmental and research sectors, along with community representatives, will engage in discussions with representatives from the Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (MERN).

In addition to the MERN, other government departments and bodies, such as the Ministère de l’Économie et de l’Innovation, Investissement Québec, the Ministère de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques, and the Société du Plan Nord will take part in the government review.

Strong demand

Aeronautics, telecommunications, renewable energy (solar, wind, etc.), energy storage, the medical sector and transportation electrification are all high-growth sectors in which the supply of CSMs is vital.

In addition to these sectors, CSMs play a role in our daily lives and are found in many everyday objects. For example, graphite, lithium, cobalt and nickel are used to make batteries for laptop computers, cellphones, electric vehicles and energy storage.

Québec’s advantages

  • The business environment in Québec for mining investment is one of the best in the world, thanks to a stable political climate, a geo-scientific database of worldwide renown, and policies and measures to support the mining industry.
  • Québec’s geology offers one of the widest ranges of CSMs in Canada.
  • Québec can offer clean energy at a competitive price and has an exemplary social and environmental record.
  • Québec can also offer technological expertise and input from an extensive university and college sector.
  • Québec has made an active commitment to green its economy and increase the pace of technological transition for its enterprises. CSM development is consistent with the move towards an energy transition that has already begun in Québec.
  • Québec possesses significant mineral resources, and mineral extraction in Québec accounts for 20% of total Canadian production.
  • The range of resources mined is the most varied in Canada, including 17 metals and 14 non-metallic minerals.
  • Québec already makes a major contribution to the supply of critical and strategic minerals, since it produces nickel, niobium and graphite and has mining projects under development for lithium, vanadium, rare earth elements and tantalum.

For more information

To contact us

Centre de services des mines
Phone: 418 627-6278
Toll-free from Canada and the United States: 1 800 363-7233