Wind farm construction on private land

Wind farm tenderers must consult stakeholders in the community, and in particular private landowners who are among the first people contacted when a project involves the installation of a wind turbine on their land.

Consultation of private landowners

The tenderer meets with private landowners and the local authorities concerned, as a first step, to let them know about any project to use land for the construction of a wind farm.

Agreements with private landowners

Before installing wind turbines on private land, the tenderer must reach an agreement with the landowner. Together, they sign an Option Agreement, which guarantees the tenderer the exclusive use of all or part of the land for the future installation of one or more wind turbines and related facilities. In return, the landowner receives a lump sum payment when the option is signed.

If the tenderer decides to take up the option, the landowner signs a Deed of Superfies that entitles the tenderer to construct one or more wind turbines and related facilities on the land concerned. This means that the landowner, while retaining ownership of the land, grants the tenderer the right to use parts of its surface area for the wind farm project. In return, the landowner will receive royalty payments if the project is built.

Compliance with local and regional regulations

Tenderers must obtain the necessary authorizations from the local municipality and regional county municipality for any project, whether on private or public land. The municipal authorities will check that the construction of a wind farm falls is compliant with the land use planning and development plan and other local regulations.