Wind as a source of energy

Wind energy potential in Québec

Wind energy projects in Québec

Wind farm construction on public land

Wind farm construction on private land




Petroleum and Natural Gas Information



Wind energy projects in Québec



 

The development of the wind energy industry in Québec began in earnest in 1998 with the Le Nordais project, the first wind farm located in the Matane regional county municipality and the Gaspésie region. Its 133 wind turbines, with a totalled installed capacity of 100 megawatts, were installed on two separate sites:


  • Cap-Chat, with 76 wind turbines and an installed capacity of 57 megawatts;
  • the municipalities of Saint-Ulric, Saint-Léandre and Matane in the Matane regional county municipality, with 57 wind turbines and an installed capacity of 43 megawatts.

The wind energy development began with the granting of contracts to private developers. These contracts consisted of private agreements with Hydro-Québec Production. However, to continue the wind energy development, the government and Hydro-Québec opted for a calls for tender process which has to be approved by Régie de l’énergie.

The wind energy generated is supplied to the Hydro-Québec grid.

Project selection process

To develop Québec’s wind energy potential and promote a new supply of clean, renewable energy, Hydro-Québec issued the first tender solicitation (call for bids) to supply wind-generated electricity in 2003. It targeted the supply of a block of 1,000 MW, generated within the Gaspésie region and the Matane regional county municipality. Following the bidding process, eight wind farm projects were selected. Hydro-Québec estimates that a 1,000-megawatt wind farm produces enough power to supply around 160,000 homes.

On November 29 , 2011, seven wind farms built as a result of the 1,000 MW tender call began production:

  • the Baie-des-Sables wind farm (109.5 MW) in the Matane regional county municipality;
  • the Anse-à-Valleau wind farm (100.5 MW) in the La Côte-de-Gaspé regional county municipality;
  • the Carleton wind farm (109.5 MW), in the Avignon regional county municipality;
  • the Saint-Ulric wind farm (127.5 MW) in the Matane regional county municipatily;
  • the Mont-Saint-Louis wind farm (100.5 MW) in the La Haute-Mauricie regional county municipality;
  • the Montagne-Sèche wind farm (58.5 MW), in the La Côte-de-Gaspé regional county municipality;
  • the Gros-Morne wind farm (step 1) 100.5 MW in the La Haute-Gaspésie regional county municipality.

All wind farms should be in operation by the end of 2012.

In October 2005, Hydro-Québec announced a second tender call for 2,000 MW of wind energy. The second tender call covering all regions of Québec ended on September 18, 2007. After examining the bids, Hydro Québec announced that it had received 66 projects for a total of 7,722.2 MW of installed capacity. (Hydro-Québec press release – List of projects). The second tender call helped to consolidate the industrial structure for wind energy development in the Gaspésie region and Matane regional county municipality.

On May 5, 2008, Hydro-Québec announced that it had selected 15 bids for the production of a total of 2,004.5 MW under the tender call launched on October 31, 2005 for the purchase of wind energy produced in Québec. Electricity production will begin at various dates between 2011 and 2015. (Hydro-Québec press release – press room)

On March 29, 2012, a first wind farm as a result of the 2,000 MW tender call began production:

  • Le Plateau wind farm (138.6 MW) in the Avignon regional county municipality

To continue developing wind energy beyond the initial two calls for tenders, on April 30, 2009, Hydro-Québec launched another invitation to tender for an additional 500 MW to be split equally by local communities and aboriginal nations.

On December 20, 2010, Hydro-Québec announced the bids it had selected in this call for tenders for the production of 500 MW of wind power. In all, 12 bids were selected for a total of 291.4 MW.

  • For the 250 MW block set aside for community wind farms, 11 projects will generate a total of 267.4 MW.
  • For the 250 MW block reserved for aboriginal wind farms, 1 project will produce 24 MW.

On March 29, 2012, Québec had installed capacity of 1057.2  MW, all located on its territory. The electricity generated is supplied to the Hydro-Québec grid.

Wind farm project location map (in French)

Projects completed or under construction

Location, region

Installed capacity
(MW)

Number of wind turbines

Promoter

Type of contract

Statut/on-line date

Le Nordais
Cap-Chat et
MRC de Matane,
Bas-Saint-Laurent

100

133

Trans Alta

Private agreement (HQP)

Operating 1999

Site nordique
expérimental
en éolien CORUS
Rivière-au-Renard,
Gaspésie

4.10

2

Test site Corus

Private agreement (HQP)

Operating 2010

Mont Miller
Murdochville,
Gaspésie

54

30

FLP Energy and 3Ci Énergie Éolienne

Private agreement (HQP)

Operating 2005

Mont Copper
Murdochville,
Gaspésie

54

30

FPL Energy

Private agreement (HQP)

Operating 2004

Baie-des-Sables
Baie-des-Sables,
Bas-Saint-Laurent

109.5

73

Cartier Énergie Éolienne

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Operating 2006

Anse-à-Valleau
Anse-à-Valleau,
Gaspésie

100.5

67

Cartier Énergie Éolienne

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Operating 2007

Carleton
Carleton,
Gaspésie

109.5

73

Cartier Énergie Éolienne

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Operating 2008

Saint-Ulric,
Saint-Léandre
Saint-Ulric,
Saint-Léandre,
Bas-Saint-Laurent

127.5

85

Northland Power

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Operating 2009

Murdochville
Murdochville,
Gaspésie

54

36

3CI Énergie éolienne

Private agreement (HQP)

In revaluation

Les Méchins
Les Méchins,
Gaspésie

150

100

Cartier Énergie Éolienne

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Cancelled

Mont-Louis
Mont-Louis,
Gaspésie

100.5

67 

Northland Power

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Operating since 2011

Montagne-Sèche
Montagne-Sèche,
Gaspésie

58.5

39

Cartier Énergie Éolienne

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Operating since November 2011

Gros Morne
(phase 1)
Gros Morne,
Gaspésie

100.5

67

Cartier Énergie Éolienne

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Operating since November 2011

Saint-Robert- Bellarmin
Saint-Robert-Bellarmin,
Estrie
(Ancien projet d'Aguanish
sur la Côte-Nord)

80

40

EDF EN Canada Inc

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2012

Des Moulins
Saint-Jean-de-Brébeuf,
Kinnear's Mills,
Thetford Mines,
Chaudières-Appalaches

156

78

Invenergy Wind Canada ULC

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2013

De l’Érable
Sainte-Sophie-d'Halifax,
Centre-du-Québec

100

50

Enerfin Sociedad de Energia S.A.

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2012

Le Plateau
Matapédia,
L'Ascension-de-Patapédia,
Gaspésie

138.6

60

Invenergy Wind Canada ULC

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government Futur project 2011

New Richmond
New Richmond,
Saint-Alphonse,
Caplan,
Gaspésie

66

33

Venterre (Trans Alta)

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2012

Gros Morne (phase 2)
Gros Morne,
Gaspésie

111

74

Cartier Énergie Éolienne

1st tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2012

Seigneurie de Beaupré #4
Territoire non organisé
(TNO) du Lac Jacques-Cartier,
Capitale-Nationale
(ancien projet de Sainte-Luce)

69

30

Boralex inc. et Gaz Métro Eole inc.

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

In approbation

Futur project 2014

Montérégie
Saint-Mathieu,
Saint-Isidore,
Saint-Rémi,
Saint-Michel,
Saint-Constant,
Mercier,
Montérégie

100

50

Kruger Énergie inc.

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2012

Massif du Sud
Saint-Luc-de-Bellechasse,
Saint-Philémon,
Notre-Dame-Auxiliatrice
-de-Buckland,
Saint-Magloire,
Chaudière- Appalaches

150

75

EDF EN Canada Inc

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Futur project 2012

In approbation

Saint-Valentin
Saint-Valentin,
Montérégie

50

25

Venterre (Trans Alta)

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

In revaluation

Lac Alfred
Sainte-Irène,
La Rédemption,
Saint-Zénon-Lac-Humqui,
Saint-Célophas,
TNO du lac Alfred,
TNO du Lac-à-la-Croix,
Bas-Saint-Laurent

300

150

EDF EN Canada Inc

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2012/2013

Seigneurie de Beaupré #3
TNO du Lac Jacques-Cartier,
Capitale-Nationale

139.3

68

Boralex inc. and Gaz Métro Eole Inc.

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2013

Seigneurie de Beaupré #2
TNO du Lac Jacques-Cartier,
Capitale-Nationale

132.6

63

Boralex inc. and Gaz Métro Eole Inc.

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Approved by the government
Futur project 2013

Vents du Kempt
Causapscal,
Sainte-Marguerite-Marie,
Sainte-Florence,
Bas-Saint-Laurent

100

50

Eolectric

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Futur project 2014

Rivière du Moulin
TNO Lac Pikauba,
TNO Lac MinuSaintuk,
Capitale-Nationale,
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean

350

175

EDF EN Canada Inc

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Futur project 2014/2015

In approbation

Clermont
TNO de Mont Élie,
Capitale-Nationale

74

37

EDF EN Canada Inc

2nd tender sollicitation (HQD)

Futur project 2015

Source: Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, April 5, 2012.