Québec’s wind generation potential is enormous, partly because of the size of its territory. However, a report released in June 2005 assessed the potential that could be technically and economically connected to the Hydro-Québec grid at 3,600 MW, using current technologies and given the constraints of long-distance power transmission.
Québec also benefits from another abundant, flexible source of energy—hydroelectricity—that can be coupled to wind generation to meet power needs using a reliable, balanced transmission system. Wind energy and hydroelectricity make an ideal match.
The MRNF has commissioned two studies of Québec’s wind energy potential:
These two studies have helped identify the workable potential and assess the ability to integrate wind farms into Hydro-Québec’s grid. They include:
- an assessment of the capacity to integrate wind energy into Hydro-Québec’s grid;
- a section describing the workable potential;
- a map of workable zones;
- an estimate of the average cost of generating electricity from wind, by administrative region;
- a map showing the wind resource, indicating wind speed and power density.
Wind Potential Measurement Program
The Wind Energy Potential Measurement Program, known by its French acronym PMPE, was introduced in 2003 to provide information on the wind energy potential in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Bas-Saint-Laurent and Côte-Nord regions.
Amounts totalling nearly $2.3 million were spent between 1998 and 2003 to collect, analyze and process data on the wind energy potential in these regions using a specialized software application. The Program data is available from the Géoboutique Québec site, at a cost of $ 139.
Reports Produced (French only)
One of the studies completed as part of the inventory is available in English: Hydro-Québec Integrated Network Integration Capability with Respect to the Addition of Wind Energy Generation (PDF Format, 7 Mo)
Densités de puissance moyennes du vent
Hors zones restrictives et harmonisées
Hors zones restrictives
GéoÉolien The GéoÉolien tool can be used to consult the interactive wind energy deposit map of Québec. The tool’s data can also be used to create, expand, amend and produce maps. The tool is available on a DVD from Géoboutique Québec at a cost of $55.50.